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Most of the ancient walls are covered with engravings or paintings of gods and rulers. Sometimes the easiest, if not the only, way to understand who is being portrayed in any given image is to see what they're wearing atop their head. It's all very symbolic. This is from the Ramesseum, the mortuary temple dedicated to Rameses II.

The rulers of ancient Egypt got their power directly from Amun, the supreme god of Thebes. (He's the seated figure with 2 cylinders on his head, the symbol of the unified upper and lower Egypt.) He is seen here giving Rameses II a flail and a hook, symbols of power. To the left of Rameses is Hathor, the goddess of beauty and pleasure. She's wearing her usual disc surrounded by horns. On the right, behind Amun, is his wife Mut.