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This is an interior room of the Temple of Luxor on the east bank. It shares its fame with Karnak, another enormous temple complex about 3 km downstream.

One of the original purposes of these temples was to host the Opet Festival, the rejuvenation of the god Amun and the reenactment of the King's coronation. This was a way to reaffirm that the king was the ruler by divine right.

Original parts of the temple date back to around 1400 BC. Over the centuries the rulers of Thebes kept adding to it. It remained an important part of the city, and of Egypt, even in Greek and Roman times.